Some fast facts bring forth that diabetes is a long-term condition which causes high blood sugar levels. In 2013 it was estimated that over 382 million suffer from diabetes throughout the world. There are mainly two types of diabetes which are found among the populations.

 

Diabetes: On what spikes the blood sugar

 

Type 1: in this type the body does not produce insulin and it is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. This can’t be cured but a treatment may help. A medical diagnosis is also required. This type is chronic that is can last for years or lifelong also.

 

Type 2: in this type the diabetes affects the way the body processes blood sugar or glucose. This type is very common among the people. There are more than 10 million cases every year in India. With the correct treatment and proper lifestyle this can be prevented and complications can be delayed. The effects can last for years or for lifelong.

 

Symptoms:

 

The most common symptoms which can be seen are intense thirst, unusual weight loss, frequent urination, weight gain, un-healing cuts and bruises, tingling in feet and hands, numbness, etc.

There are three different ways in which one can determine the occurrence of diabetes.

The A1C test, the FPG (fasting plasma glucose) test and the OGTT (oral glucose tolerance test)

Causes :

There can be a number of causes which cause diabetes. Some of them can be Genetic Susceptibility, Autoimmune destruction of Beta Cells, Environmental factors like Viruses and infections or Infant feeding practices, Obesity and physical inactivity, Abnormal Glucose Production by the Liver, Insulin Resistance, etc.

 

 Diabetic Diet:

 

During diabetes the body is unable to produce insulin which leads to accumulation of high blood glucose. Restricting or limiting eating plan you can easily keep a check on diabetes. Some tips are as follows.

 

1. Limiting foods with high sugar content.

 

2. Limiting consumption of alcohol.

 

3. Consuming less salt.

 

4. Cut down on the bad carbs.

 

5. Consuming foods rich in fiber.

 

6. Increasing the consumption of water to your diet.

 

7. Eating more raw vegetables and fruits.

 

8. Consuming high-quality proteins such as beans, cheese, milk, eggs.

 

9. Eating raw nuts, olive oil, flax seeds, fish oil.

 

10. Eating high-fiber cereals and breads made from whole grains.

 

11. Having a chapati made from mixed flour made from bajra, maca, amaranth flour or other organic cereals.

 

12. Reduce soft drinks, soda and packaged fruit juices which have high sugar content.

 

13. Avoid processed and packaged foods.

 

14. Choose fats wisely that is consume good carbohydrates.

 

 

All types of diabetes are treatable with proper medication, exercise, diet and weight control. If you have type 1 diabetes then following a healthy diet plan, adequate exercise and taking insulin helps in leading a normal lifestyle. If it’s type 2 then being physically active, eating healthy, taking oral medication or insulin to control blood glucose levels proves beneficial.