Introduction of Tulsi 

Tulsi is basil leaves, they are fairly common in Indian households.They are termed holy by varied religions. The tulsi plant, in particular, is revered due to its divine properties. People consider the plant divine are therefore they pray facing this tree. Its leaves, as well as its roots, are used for various medical decoctions. It clears skin and dissolves kidney stones. It's a tonic for our entire body.

Benefits of Tulsi 

1.Fever

Tulsi has potent properties like fungicidal, germicidal, antibiotic and anti-bacterial, which are significant to resolve us from fever. It has the capacity to cure any kind of fever which is caused due to common infections like Malaria too. It is highly recommended to those who suffer from fever. They are asked to have decoction made out of the leaves. For fever boil, some leaves of tulsi are taken with powdered cardamom (the quantity being Half a liter of water) The ratio of Tulsi to Cardamom must be 1:0.3. The volume must be reduced then. The decoction must be mixed with sugar and some milk. One must take a sip after every two or three hours. The remedy is good for children.

2.Diabetes

The basil leaves are packed with properties like an antioxidant and essential oils which produce methyl eugenol, eugenol, and caryophyllene. The substances help to function pancreatic beta cells properly These are the cells that store and release insulin level. This increases the sensitivity of insulin. It lowers blood sugar and treats diabetes efficiently. The antioxidants which are present in the leaves helps to beat the bad effects on oxidative stress.

3.Heart Protection

Tulsi, as mentioned earlier, contains Eugenol. The compound protects our heart, by keeping our blood pressure under good control. It lowers our cholesterol level too. Chewing the leaves of tulsi while one is the empty stomach, prevents as well as protects any heart ailments if consumed daily.

4.Stress

Tulsi maintains a normal level of the stress hormone, which is cortisol, in the body. The leaf has some powerful adaptogen properties in it ( It is also known as an anti-stress agent). It soothes our nerves, it regulates our blood circulation as well as beats the free radicals. (They are produced during increased stress level). People working in stressful condition chew 12 leaves of tulsi so they can beat stress naturally.

5.Kidney stones

The holy basil being a great diuretic and detoxifier is great for the kidneys. Tulsi helps reduce the uric acid levels in the blood (one of the main reasons for kidney stones is the presence of excess uric acid in the blood), helps cleanse the kidneys, the presence of acetic acid and other components in its essential oils helps in breaking down kidney stones and its painkiller effect helps dull down the pain of kidney stones. To relieve themselves of kidney stones one must have the juice of tulsi leaves with honey, every day for six months to help wash out the stone from the kidney.

6.Fights Cancer as well as prevents it

It has anti-carcinogenic and antioxidant property. This ultimately stops the onset of varied types of cancer like oral or breast cancer. The bioactive compounds present in tulsi helps to restrict the additional flow of blood into the affected tumor. These tumors do not grow further to hamper the functions of the body. Having tulsi on a daily basis will thus improve the overall conditions

7.Smoking

Tulsi has anti-stress compounds along with the other ones. The stress gets immensely lowered, which also makes people divert their attention from smoking, which is the cause of stress today. It has an extremely cooling impact on the nerves and throat, which is because of its methanol flavor. Ayurveda today has developed anti-smoking medications from tulsi. The damage done due to smoking is reversed from its antioxidant property.

8.Hair and Skin

Basil had to purify properties. If people consume it in a raw form, then the blood and skin get purified by removing the unwanted bacteria and toxins out of the body. The anti-fungal properties are good to take away blemishes and rashes. The skin conditions, specifically those caused due to leucoderma or ringworms can be efficiently cured through the raw consumption. Apart from these benefits, tulsi also reduces hair fall and cleanses the scalp effectively. These conditions can be solved by preparing juice, paste or by eating it raw.

9.Respiratory functions

It has an immunomodulatory property which helps with system modulation. It has an anti tussive property which reduces a cough. It has a property which expels the phlegm from one's chest. Because of all these features, the problems like a cough, Respiratory disorders, Cold and Bronchitis are treated well and without any external medications. It also ceases the growth of bacteria and fungus on our body.Problems like Congestion can be fought by using components like eugenol, cineole, and camphene in essential oils. Allergic respiratory disorders are treated through its anti inflammatory and anti allergic property.

10.Headache

It relieves us from headaches which are caused due to allergies, sinusitis, cold or any kind of a migraine. It is because it has certain pain relieving as well as decongestant properties. And this works to relieve some pain and to resolve the cause of the problem. If anyone is suffering from a headache, a bowl of warm water with tulsi extract can be mixed. A towel can be dipped and placed on the forehead after taking out(squeezing) the extra water.This has been found to treat a headache. 

Vernacular Names for Tulsi

1. Hindi-Tulsi
2. English-Indian Basil or Holy/Sacred Basil
3. Telugu/Marathi/Malayalam-Tulasi
4. Kannada-Sri Tulasi 

Sanskrit Names of Tulsi 

1. Tulasi/ Tulsi
2. Gouri
3. Nagamata
4. Bhutaghni
5. Bhutapriya
6. Bhuteshta
7. Apetarakshasi
8. Gramya – available in all households
9. Surasa – Taste is better
10.Sulaghni/Subhaga or Sulabha – auspicious
11.Surabhi/Svadu Gandha-Smells good
12.Sumanjari or Bahumanjari -Inflorescent
13.Haripriya – beloved by God (Lord Vishnu)

Constituents of Tulsi

1. Bornyl acete
2. Cadinene
3. Camphene
4. Camphor
5. Carvacrol
6. B-Caryophyllene
7. Eugenol
8. Methyl ether
9. Humelene
10.Methyl chavicol
11.Limonene etc.

Medicinal properties of Tulsi 

1. Taste is pungent and Bitter
2. Light and Dry
3. Good for Digestion
4. Hot Potency
5. Balances Kapha and Vata Dosha's
6. Good for Pitta dosha too
7. Root, leaf, and seed all are useful

Dosage and Administration

1. Juice of 10 to 20 ml can be consumed
2. Of the root decoction, almost 100 ml can be consumed
3. And lastly, for seeds, 3 to 6 gram will do the magic

Tulsi can be had with: (Combinations)

1. Licorice
2. Lemongrass
3. Licorice and ginger

Other Benefits of Tulsi 

1. For regular smoker
2. For Brahmacharya
3. For anxiety and depression
4. For memory as well as cognitive functions.
5. Treatment for common colds
6. Itchiness on skin
7. Treat insect bites
8. Cure's eye conditions and bad breath.

Side effects of Tulsi 

1. Overuse may lead to burning sensation

2. Safe for toddlers and Lactating mothers

3. But, Medical supervision required toward pregnant mothers