Introduction of Haritaki

Haritaki is a fruit which is grown on a Haritaki Tree(it is also called as Terminalia Chebula Tree). The characteristics are very unique and that's what makes it a universal remedy for the diseases, according to the Ayurveda. As the name suggests, it is one of the primary components of the medicine called Triphala Powder. The trees are usually found/located in the deciduous (dense) forests of India, in the northern hemisphere. 

The Fruits, Bark and the Root of the tree are utilized so herbal medicines can be prepared. The Fruit looks like a drupe fruit which varies in sizes, from 2 cm to 4.5 cm in length whereas the breadth size ranges from 1.2 cm to 2.5 cm, along with five longitudinal ridges.

The shape is Oval and the color turns green to black as and when it gets ripen(It depends upon the variety and the type) The taste of the Fruits is sweet, bitter, astringent and sour. 

Names of Haritaki 

Harad - Urdu

Kadukkai-Tamil

Hirada-Marathi

Hilikha-Assamese

Horitoky-Bengali

Types of Haritaki

According to Bhavaprakasha(Ancient Indian Scripture), there are seven types of  Haritaki(Terminalia Chebula) available in different places, which are explained below.

Vijaya:

It is a universal remedy for all diseases, it is found in the Vindhya Mountains of our country, India.

Rohini:

It is useful to heal the wounds and is available in Pratishtanaka. The shape of the fruit is circular.

Putana:

It is used for applying externally, and this type is available in Sindh.  The fruit is small whereas the seeds are big.

Amruta:

It is useful for the purpose of detoxification (panchakarma). It is available in the Champa, which is located in the Bhagalpur Area of India.

Abhaya:

It is useful to treat eye problems and it is also available in the Champa, the Bhagalpur area of India.

Jivanti:

It is useful to treat all type of diseases in general, and it is available in the Saurashtra area in the state of Gujarat. The color of the Fruit is yellow for the purpose of identification.

Chetak:

It is useful for the purpose of purgation and it is available in the state of Himachal Pradesh. Three creases on the skin of the fruit are its identification mark.

Vijaya is the best one among them all. 

Nutritional Value of Haritaki

The fruit contains vitamins, protein, and minerals. It is a good source of Vitamin C and various minerals like Iron, copper, potassium, copper and manganese.

The plant also includes chemical named tannic acid, gallic acid,  Che bulimic acid, stearic acid, palmitic acid and behenic acid.

It is a universal medicine in Ayurveda

  1. Potency
  2. Warm
  3. Digestive Effect
  4. Sweet
  5. Light and dry
  6. Balances Tridosha
  7. Balances the Air energy when consumed with Ghee
  8. Balances Fire (Pitta energy) when consumed with Sugar
  9. Improves digestion.
  10. Detoxifies body tissues
  11. Nourishes body tissues
  12. Srotoshodhan
  13. Strengthens the senses and nerves
  14. Maintains our body temperature.
  15. Strengthen the reproductive cycle of females

Benefits of Haritaki 

Weight loss

It is meant to eliminate all the toxins from the body and help with proper functioning in our digestive tract. The activity of bloating, acidity, and collection of food is discontinued. It is a blood purifier which also helps with the regulation of hunger and loss of weight eventually.

Hair loss

The Haritaki oil is popular in India, as it helps with prevention of dandruff, lice or generation of any infection on the scalp. One cup of coconut oil with Haritaki pods (3) can be mixed well and heated. When there is a change in color of the outer shell, we must switch the flame off. It must be then cooled and stored inside a clean and dry glass bottle. This oil is great for hair loss. To make a hair pack, we can use curry leaves, amla (dry), yogurt and make a paste out of it. This when applied on hair, leaves a great look as well as health to our hair.

Infants and adults

It treats cough problem in infants and adults. For that, we need to convert Haritaki in powdered form and then mix the rest with honey. We can feed it to babies for as little as two days, so the cough gets out. Infants are observed to vomit when given Haritaki for the first time, it is considered quite normal.

The quantity of dosage is a small pinch for 1 to 3-year-olds, it's 2 gram for 3 to 6-year-olds. And it is important to give Haritaki to children under medical attention.

Constipation

One can make a remedy to get rid of their constipation problems. One needs to break the Haritaki herb, so one can remove the main part. It's useful part is then made sun-dried for a period of time. Once, dried it peels greatly after that. We need to make some powder out of it so it can be mixed in water and then boiled. The mixture/solution on cooling down can be consumed before our bed time. You can make the remedy yourself or follow the above procedure. But better one consults a doctor to confirm the quantity of Haritaki.

Skin Benefits

People with sensitive skin get easily allergic to acidic or new things. Women, usually toward the ears they get allergic to the non-metallic earings and this causes skin troubles. One can take haritaki and then it must be rubbed well on the stone(Sandalwood), and later boiled in water. The paste we obtain is green in color. It can then be applied on the area. It is more relieving as the swelling and pain go away completely.

Acne

It has properties which make it useful to treat such problems. A paste of the water and powder can be applied so the acne dries out and heals as quick as possible. A scar can be prevented like this. A great use of Haritaki would be protection from the Sun. We can apply the extract topically and prevent the damage. It is found in researches, that it works.

Acidity

It cures all stomach problems which are associated with indigestion as well as acidity. So, it works for constipation. The mucus which is formed in the stomach is destroyed which helps to prevent acidity, infections, and ulcers. Haritaki powder can thus be a remedy to such problems

Haritaki is known to cure all stomach related problems from acidity and indigestion. Around 1/4th tsp of the herb, powder can be mixed with warm water and consumed.

In a study, the herbs had a great impact on the functioning of diabetic people. The herb reduced the level of insulin and regulated the level of blood sugar in our body. Haritaki on them did not have any kind of side effects. But precaution is always better than cure, before feeding your body with anything new, its best to consult a known professional.

Ulcers

The herb is anti-cariogenic which means it is used for various dental issues, like Bleeding gums and Ulcers.We can rinse our mouth with the help of Haritaki. As mouth ulcers are extremely painful to bear, it is difficult for us to eat. It can affect the younger as well as older generation. Almost 20 percent population suffers from mouth ulcers. When citrus fruits or vegetables are taken, the condition worsens. Here, we can pound Kadukkai by using mortar as well as Prestle. We need to break the cover only. The broken fruit, Haritaki can be mixed with a cup of water. The color of the solution would turn into yellow. On cooling down, the solution can be used to rinse our mouth along with an infusion for many times, during a day. It can be used for children, but with safety and precaution.

Forms of Medicine

One can buy it from various Ayurvedic stores, in form of Capsules, Oil, Powder, Fruit etc.

Dosage and Administration

In case Haritaki is available in powdered form, then one can drink it with warm milk or water. It must be from One to Six grams in weight

In the case of capsules or tablet, one can consume it twice a day.

Consulting an informed practitioner is a must.

Side Effects of Haritaki 

1. It ain't recommended to pregnant ladies and lactating mothers.

2. People who are thin or lean, or those with low immune system, strength are not supposed to have it.

3. Alcoholics must also not consume Haritaki

4. Children younger than five years must not have it