Introduction of Turmeric 

Turmeric is a member of the ginger family. It is widely used in India as a perennial plant which is cultivated throughout areas like tropical Asia, China, and India. The height of the plant is approximately 1.5 m long, it has oblong leaves and it looks like funnel-shaped, yellow flower.

Turmeric also has a very thick rhizome, which is also yellowish (in color) on the outside, whereas it is deep orange/reddish brown toward the inside. The rhizomes have more yellow color on them rather than the bulb.

Here, the dried bulb, as well as secondary rhizomes, are collected, next cleaned and boiled, and then dried, so one can use it for medicinal or for food purposes. The principle thing is the curcumin.

Uses of Turmeric 

Traditional uses

Turmeric as we know has a bitter and a warmer taste which is used extensively to flavor food and make it more colorful. It is one of the main ingredients toward mustard and curry powder. It been a tradition to treat the varied problem by using the spice. Problems like hemorrhage and flatulence are treated well. It also deals with other problems like Ringworm, Pain, Poultice, Jaundice, Hepatitis, etc.

Other Uses of Turmeric 

It is said that turmeric prevents Cancer and particularly treats problems in the gastrointestinal tract. Huntington and Alzheimer's diseases have also been treated with its help.

Scientific names for Turmeric

1. Curcuma longa
2. Curcuma domestica
3. Few common names:
4. Curcuma
5. Indian saffron
6. Haldi

Dosage

1. An adequate dose of 0.5 - 3 gram per day is recommended.
2. Dose of 3 to 6 gram is useful for treating ulcer
3. The Higher dose is not recommended to be consumed.
4. A daily dose of 3.6 gram can be used on a daily basis.

Health benefits of Turmeric 

The wide range of turmeric health benefits come mainly from its ingredient, curcumin.

This component is highly therapeutic in nature and is used for various drugs. Boosting immunity is one of the most important properties of curcumin

Curcumin is 5 to 8 times more strong than vitamin E and vitamin C,

The antioxidant breaks through our immunity

Maintains cholesterol levels

Reverses aging

Enhances antibody responses

Turmeric can be used for Asthma

1.Has Anti-inflammatory and Anti-oxidant Properties

Radical causes oxidative damage to our DNA as well as proteins. They are associated with chronic diseases like atherosclerosis, cancer, and neurodegenerative diseases. It plays a significant role to curb such conditions. Curcumin helps to down-regulate certain types of inflammatory transcription factors like enzymes, kappaB, cyclooxygenase 2, 5 lipoxygenase, cytokines.

2.It protects Against Liver Diseases

It is quite evident that curcumin helps to prevent acute liver damage. That is because of its above-mentioned properties. It is also effective in reversing and preventing cirrhosis. It is possibly due to its ability to reduce the TGF-beta expression. This concludes that curcumin might be an effective antifibrotic as well as fibrinolytic drug, which can treat chronic hepatic diseases.

3.Prevents Liver Damage

People suffering from prediabetes can use turmeric, which helps to control development of this type 2 diabetes. This has been proved and published in journal Diabetes Care.Those who took the capsules were less like to develope the conditon rather than those who did not take it.

A research bsays that turmeric reduces the insulin resistance in people and prevent the type 2 diabetes. Curcumin ain't bioavailable so one can add turmeric powder in food for people  suffering from prediabeties.

4.Encourages Weight Loss

Curcumin helps with weight loss and decreases the probality of obesity-related diseases. The inflammation is assoiciated with obesity is due to presence of immune cells, which are called macrophages, throughout the body. Now, theyproduce cytokines which causes inflammation in our organs like Pancreas and Heart. While there is an increase in insulin resistance towards muscle and liver. It is said that turmeric suppresses the activity and number of cells. This in return decreases the consequences of obesity and its associated problems like,

1. Weight loss
2. Rheumatoid Arthritis
3. Sprains and Swellings
4. And other problems like Chronic Cough

5.Prevents and Treats Alzheimer's Disease

Curcumin as a potential element prevents and treats  Alzheimer’s diseasey. Alzheimer's disease is caused due to neurodegenerative disease which is characterized by cognitive deterioration and a  decline in activities of living as well as behavioral changes. Curcumin decreased beta-amyloid plaques, and  the delayed degradation of affected neurons.

6.Prevents and Treats Certain Cancers

The element present in curcumin supressess the cells which encourage the growth of cancer cells (Cervical). It alters the growth of HPV related Molecular pathway incases of these cancer cells. So, curcumin here is used in various type of Cancer therapies 

Contraindications

It can cause abortions in pregnant women.

So it is not recommended to pregnant ladies

Side Effects of Turmeric 

1. There are few case reported of Anaphylaxis and Dermatitis.

2. The risk for kidney stones have increased in some cases

3. No cases of toxicity has been reported

4. Turmeric can cause extra bleeding after surgery as it leads to slow blood clotting activity